Phragmites australis (Common Reed)
Pulang ---> Phragmites australis
Phragmites australis is a C3 grass that has become one of the most conspicuous and damaging invasives in a large swathe of the USA. It can grow up to 4.6 meters tall, and it is a lover of wet areas, occurring in such places as tidal and non-tidal wetlands, brackish and fresh-water marshes, river edges, shores of lakes and ponds, roadsides and ditches.
Like many other invasive grasses, it outcompetes native (and other invasive) vegetation and forms dense monotypic stands. It has also recently been investigated as one of the factors that promote wildfires, along with other invasive grasses such as cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum), cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica), buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris) medusahead grass (Taeniatherum caput-medusae), and others (Fusco et al, 2019).
Emily J. Fusco, John T. Finn, Jennifer K. Balch, R. Chelsea Nagy, Bethany A. Bradley. Invasive grasses increase fire occurrence and frequency across US ecoregions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2019; 201908253 DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1908253116
Penulis: A. Sunjian