Microstegium vimineum (Stilt grass)
Pulang ---> Microstegium vimineum
Microstegium vimineum (Stiltgrass) is a shade-tolerant C4 grass that was accidentally introduced into the USA in packing material from East Asia in the early 1900s. It has now spread throughout the entire Eastern part of the USA, and it is extremely competitive against other grasses, especially in low light conditions (Leicht et al, 2005). It also hinders tree seedling growth (Marshall et al, 2009), and is even dominant over other invasive plants (Morrison et al, 2007).
M.vimineum seems to spread fairly slowly when left untouched, which indicates that its recent fast spread may have been due to accidental human transport (Rauschert et al, 2010).
Leicht, Stacey A.; Silander, John A., Jr.; Greenwood, Kate. 2005. Assessing the competitive ability of Japanese stilt grass, Microstegium vimineum. (Trin.) A. Camus. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 132(4): 573-580.
Marshall JM, Buckley DS, Franklin JA (2009) Competitive interaction between Microstegium vimineum and first-year seedlings of three central hardwoods. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 136: 342–349.
Morrison, J.A., Lubchansky, H.A., Mauck, K.E., McCartney, K., and B. Dunn. 2007. Ecological comparison of two co-invasive species in eastern deciduous forests: Alliaria petiolata and Microstegium vimineum. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134(1):1-17.
Rauschert ESJ; Mortensen DA; Bjørnstad ON; Nord AN; Peskin N, 2010. Slow spread of the aggressive invader, Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stiltgrass). Biological Invasions, 12(3):563-579.
Penulis: A. Sunjian